Electric vehicle battery supply chain analysis 2021: How lithium-ion battery demand and production are reshaping the automotive industry

Battery supply chain report 2021

Download this report for forecasts of lithium-ion battery demand, analysis of battery cell factories and insight on EV battery manufacturing and sourcing. 

Sales and production of electric vehicles (EVs) continue to accelerate globally, with double-digit annual growth expected over the next decade. To keep the expansion and development of EVs charging ahead, vehicle manufacturers, automotive suppliers and governments are plugging in more investment to regional supply chain and gigafactory networks for lithium-ion batteries.

Lithium-ion battery technology is critical to improving the driving range of electric vehicles and to reducing the costs of plug-in, rechargeable powertrains compared to gasoline-powered vehicles. However, with demand for EVs rising faster than predicted before the Covid-19 pandemic, the supply and cost of materials like lithium and cobalt have tightened, while many vehicle manufacturers have become dependent on a few lithium-ion battery suppliers. Meanwhile, with a large share of the value chain based in Asia and especially China, carmakers and automotive suppliers are in a race to develop battery factories and supply chains across Europe and North America, too. 

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Trying to out giga Tesla

OEMs including Tesla, Volkswagen Group, BMW, General Motors, Geely, Ford and many more are investing billions of dollars to secure lithium supply, diversify suppliers and to expand lithium-ion battery and battery pack production. Many vehicle manufacturers and lithium cell suppliers are planning battery plants that will be several times larger than the current largest global gigafactory, the Tesla Gigafactory 1 in Nevada (including Tesla, which is building a new gigafactory network that spans Texas, China and Germany).

Developing a robust and flexible EV battery supply chain will increasingly be a competitive advantage in the race for vehicle electrification. That will include securing upstream EV battery supplies like lithium, sourcing components such as electrode materials, anodes, cathode materials and electrolytes. It will mean maintaining supply for lithium cells through diverse supplier agreements. And it will also lead more automakers and suppliers to manufacture lithium-ion batteries at regional gigafactories or near to the production line for electric vehicles.

Download this updated report from Automotive from Ultima Media, the business intelligence arm of Automotive Manufacturing Solutions, in partnership with ABB and GEFCO, to understand more about the complex supply chain for lithium-ion batteries and to help make strategic gigafactory investment decisions to support electric car and truck manufacturing ambitions. The report features new forecasts of global and regional demand for lithium-ion batteries by gigawatt hours (GWh), data on major and emerging lithium-ion battery suppliers, gigafactory locations and insight into manufacturing and sourcing strategies for EV and plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) batteries globally. 

Download the report for data on demand, capacity and suppliers for lithium-ion batteries, including:

  • Global passenger new vehicle powertrain forecast by type 2021-2040
  • Global lithium battery demand and production capacity forecast 2020-2030
  • Top battery cell company analysis including lithium-ion factory locations and capacity, battery supply agreements and EV material suppliers
  • Evolving automaker strategies for lithium-ion battery supply and production, including Tesla, Volkswagen Group, General Motors, Ford and Stellantis

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The rise of the lithium value chain

The analysis reveals an explosion of investment and planned capacity in the supply chain for lithium-ion batteries. Vehicle manufacturers like Tesla and Volkswagen are working more closely on the mining of lithium and production of electrolyte and cathode materials. Meanwhile, there are at least 100 new gigafactory facilities in the pipeline across major automotive manufacturing regions in Asia, Europe and North America – and even that may not provide enough battery factory capacity to meet electric car and truck demand.

Rising demand and production for lithium-ion batteries is leading to the emergence of major battery cell suppliers, including LG Chem, SK Innovation, CALT and Panasonic, along with startup EV battery players like Northvolt, Farasis, SVOLT and many more across the supply chain. At the same time, OEMs are diversifying their suppliers and ramping up production of lithium-ion batteries, with OEMs including Volkswagen Group, General Motors, Stellantis and Ford looking to the Tesla and Panasonic model of joint venture lithium battery production – or even looking to in-house lithium mining and gigafactory operations.

Download this free, 150+ page report into the changing supply chains for automotive lithium-ion batteries, including rankings of battery suppliers, factory locations, changing regulations and mapping of the complex supply chain for lithium and electric car materials and recycling.

Extensive databases are also available for global battery gigafactory investments, EV and hybrid assembly plants as well as fast-changing OEM-battery supplier relationships.

Data and analysis of upstream and downstream supply chain for EV batteries, including:

  • Raw material and mineral supplier analysis for lithium-ion batteries: lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese
  • Component supplier analysis for lithium-ion batteries: cathodes materials, anodes, electrolytes, separators
  • Battery management systems (BMS)
  • Thermal management systems (TMS)
  • Battery pack cases
  • Disruptive technologies including solid-state battery, sodium-ion and alternatives for high energy density
  • Automotive battery re-use and recycling companies

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